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Home » Uttar Pradesh Jain Pilgrimage » Shri Ahichchhatra Tirth

Shri Ahichchhatra Tirth

Shri Ahichchhatra Parshvanath Atishaya Kshetra Digamber Jain Mandir is a center of religious consciousness and it is present in peaceful area surrounded by natural beauty. About 2800 years ago Bhagwan Parshvanath attained ‘Keval Gyan’ Shri Ahichchhatra Tirthhere through deep ‘Tapashcharan’. It is this sacred land only where ‘Samvar Dev’, the opponent of Parshvanath tried to create hurdles in his meditation and when ‘Dharnendra’ saw that ‘Samvar Dev’ is distracting Bhagwan Parshvanath then in order to show his devotion towards him.

Dharnendra raised him on his hood (Phan) and Padmawati spreaded her hood above Parshvanath and thus the hurdle of Samvar Dev proved a failure (or became unsuccessful). At that very moment Parshwanath got enlighten by ‘Keval Gyan’ and ‘Gyan Kalyanka’ was celebrated devotionally by various gods and folk people. Later on the very first Samavsharan of Bhagwan Parshvanath was held here by Kuber on the order of Indra Dev and his ‘Divya Dhwani’ (Spiritual Precept) was delivered here.

In ancient time this place was famous as ‘Sankhyavati’ but later on after protection of Bhagwan Parshvanath from ‘Upsarg’ by serpent hoods of Dharnendra & Padmawati, this place became famous as ‘Ahichchhatra’. Ahichchhatra is one of the ancient cities of India.
This city was the capital of ‘Panchal Janapada’. This Panchal Janapada is one of the 52 Janapadas established by Bhagwan Adinath. During next period there was partition of Panchal Janapada into Northern Panchal and Southern Panchal. The ‘Kampila’ remained capital of Southern Panchal and Ahichchhatra remained capital of Northern Panchal. During ‘Mahabharata’ period the Northern Panchal was ruled by King ‘Drona’ and Southern Panchal was ruled by King ‘Drupada’. According to one of the inscriptions discovered from the cave of Pabhosa Kshetra near Kaushambi the one name of this place was ‘Adhichakra’ also. From the 2nd century to 6th century this place remained famous as Ahichchhatra. We found name Ahichchhatra on ‘Yaksha Statue’ & ‘Clay Stamp of Gupt period’ discovered during excavations.

Shri Ahichchhatra TirthThe ancient Ahichchhatra was spread in large area and its ruins are still found around the city Ramnagar. According to the Chinese traveler ‘Hventsang’ this place was spread in the area of 3 miles and many Stupas were also constructed here.

A huge and magnificent temple was constructed in order to make memories related with Samavsharan of Bhagwan Parshvanath long lasting after their departure. According to petrographs, it is clear that this temple remained up to the ‘Gupt period’. During that period many Jain idols & Stupas were constructed here. Many such idols & remains of Stupas and many other artistic things were discovered after excavating one ancient fort. All these idols belong to Digambar Jain tradition. The large numbers of coins got during excavations belong to ‘Mitravanshi Kings’ and many Mitravanshi Kings were followers of Jainism.

Shri Ahichchhatra Parshvanath Atishaya Kshetra Digambar Jain Mandir is thousands years ancient and its reconstruction was done in the year 1975 and its ‘Panch Kalyanaka Mahotsava’ was organized under the holy presence and guidance of Acharya Vimal Sagarji, Acharya Kunthu Sagarji and Acharya Shanti Sagarji in the year 1978. The 7 altars with 7 spires are there inside the courtyard of the temple. The description about these altars is as follows: -

(i) The altar of ‘Tikhal Wale Baba’ is the first altar, which was built by Gods of heaven. Attractive Green colored emerald statue of principal deity Bhagwan Parshvanath is also established in this altar. Devotees believe that all desires are fulfilled and many difficulties are averted when we offer prayers devotionally to ‘Tikhal Wale Baba’. The rock inscriptions is present inside this altar on which it is written that –

Shri Ahichchhatra Tirth“It is that sacred land where Bhagwan Parshvanath did deep meditation and his opponent ‘Kamath’ tried to distract him by making storm, rain of hailstones happen at the place where Bhagwan Parshvanath was doing meditation. At this miraculous place only Dharnendra & Padmawati showed their devotion by spreading serpent hood over Shri Parshvanath at that time. Thus they tried to protect Bhagwan Parshvanath from the distraction of ‘Samvar Dev’. At this place only Tikhal Wale Baba is worshipped. At this place desires of thousands of devotees are fulfilled. Many sinners have started following the right path after doing repentance here. This altar is established on those walls only about which it is said that they were built by Gods of heaven themselves. The peace, which we get after viewing the idol, is indefinable & unforgettable.”

(ii) On the left side of the sanctum of the temple the 6 feet high quite beautiful Padmasanastha idol of Bhagwan Mahaveer Swami is established on the first altar. The idol is endowed with calm and pleasing effect.

(iii) The 5 feet high Padmasanastha idol of Bhagwan Parshvanath surmounted by 11 serpent hoods is established in the third altar of this temple and it looks quite attractive.

(iv) The one beautiful ‘Samavsharan Mandir’ is also built here which was reverenced under the guidance of Acharya 108 Shri Ajit Sagarji in the year 1990. The four exquisite idols of Bhagwan Parshvanath facing four sides are established in the center of the temple. The memories related to the first Samavsharan of Bhagwan Parshvanath and his first enlightening percept becomes alive when we take a view of this Samavsharan Mandir.

(v) The 7 feet high Padmasanastha idol of Bhagwan Parshvanath surmounted with 11 serpent hoods is established in the next altar. This idol can be said as an example of excellence of art.

(vi) There are three prominent idols present in this temple and these idols are carved on a stone slab. All the three idols are light brown in color. The idol of ‘Panch Balyati’ is one among these and ‘Khadagasana’ idol of Bhagwan Parshvanath surmounted by serpent hoods is installed in the center of the idol of ‘Panch Balyati’. The 3.5 feet high idol of Bhagwan Adinath is carved on a stone slab of this altar. The ‘Yaksha’ & ‘Yakshini’ are also being carved on both sides of idol of Bhagwan Adinath. The idol is quite artistic. The idols present in this altar are about one thousand years ancient.

(vii) The black colored and with 7 serpent hoods endowed idol of Bhagwan Parshvanath is installed in last but artistic altar. The 2 artistic idols, discovered while excavating earth, are also installed in this altar. One idol among these is idol of ‘Panch Balyati’ of ‘Ashtadhatu’ (Alloy of eight metals). The second idol is combined idol of Bhagwan Shantinath, Bhagwan Kunthunath & Bhagwan Arahanath and it is brown in color.

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